The collection of assets belonging to a debtor to be applied to the discharge of his or her outstanding debts.A type of proceeding pursuant to federal Bankruptcy law by which certain property of a debtor is taken into custody by a trustee to be sold, the proceeds to be distributed to the debtor's creditors in satisfaction of their claims. Assets are sold, proceeds are used to pay creditors, and any leftovers are distributed to shareholders. Liquidating a position may simply mean selling stock or bonds; the seller in this case receives the cash.
Liquidation often has a negative connotation for this reason. Case Study If eliminating dividends, laying off employees, selling subsidiaries, restructuring debt, and, finally, reorganization under Chapter 11 bankruptcy fail to resuscitate a business, the likely outcome is liquidation.Early 2001 witnessed the end of the line for Tennessee-based retailer Service Merchandise, a 42-year-old chain of catalog showrooms that proved unable to compete with large discounters such as Wal-Mart.In the simplest terms, this means selling the position for cash; another approach is to take an equal but opposite position in the same security—for example, by shorting the same number of shares that make up a long position in a stock.A broker may forcibly liquidate a trader’s positions if the trader’s portfolio has fallen below the margin requirement, or she has demonstrated a reckless approach to risk-taking.The firm's stock was trading over the counter for 2¢ per share at the time of the announcement.
the process by which a JOINT-STOCK COMPANY' S existence as a legal entity ceases by the winding-up of the company Such a process can be initiated at the behest of the CREDITORS where the company is insolvent (a compulsory winding-up), or by the company directors or SHAREHOLDERS, in which case it is known as a voluntary winding-up.If there are insufficient funds to pay all creditors (INSOLVENCY), preferential creditors are paid first (for example the INLAND REVENUE for tax due), then ordinary creditors pro rata.If there is a surplus after payment of all creditors this is distributed pro rata amongst the ordinary shareholders of the company. the process by which a JOINT-STOCK COMPANY's existence as a legal entity ceases by ‘winding up’ the company.If that does not cover the debt, they will recoup the balance from the company’s remaining liquid assets, if any.Finally, shareholders receive any remaining assets, in the unlikely event that there are any.As company operations end, the remaining assets are used to pay creditors and shareholders, based on the priority of their claims. The business is no longer in existence once the liquidation process is complete.