A special Assay Office mark was introduced to be used in the addition to the annual date letter, while the "F" mark was omitted.The word journeyman comes from the French word journe, which means a period of one day.
Different standard marks are used in Scotland ("thistle" in Edinburgh and "lion rampant" in Glasgow and, later, Edinburgh) and in Ireland ("crowned harp" in Dublin).A date letter first appeared on English silver plate in the year 1697 as a result of legislation.It refers to the right the journeyman had to obtain a reward for each day's work.In origin he was "a man who did not gain the freedom of the City and was therefore a 'non Freeman' but was free of a livery company and thus qualified to ply his trade could do so as a 'journeyman' provided he was licensed by the corporation.From July 15 1797, for nine months, the King's Head was duplicated owing to the Duty being doubled.
The "Duty Drawback" mark was used from December 1, 1784 to July 24, 1785 to claim back the duty when the item was exported.They were employed by large workshops of companies or were used as out-workers.The work they part or wholly produced was marked under somebody else's name.A special duty mark (Hibernia) was used in Dublin from 1730 to 1806."Duty dodger" is the definition of unscrupulous silversmiths that used fraudulent methods to avoid paying the tax (e.g.In Ireland, Dublin origin is deduced by the presence of the figure of the crowned harp and Hibernia. XX which introduced this standard reads as follows: "It is ordained, that no Goldsmith of England, nor none otherwhere within the King's Dominions, shall from henceforth....... The 925/1000 (sterling) silver fineness is certified in London and other British Assay Offices by the use of the "lion passant" mark.