Poitras identifies the first generation as the "Astro Boy Generation".
In its original context, the term otaku is derived from a Japanese term for another's house or family ( otaku), which is also used as an honorific second-person pronoun.
The modern slang form, which is distinguished from the older usage by being written only in hiragana (おたく) or katakana (オタク or, less frequently, ヲタク), or rarely in rōmaji, appeared in the 1980s.
The "Yamato" or "Star Blazers" generation originating from the series Space Battleship Yamato that originally aired in 1979–80.
Poitras states that this generation was so loyal because Star Blazer's strong narration required viewers to never miss an episode.
According to Japanophile Fred Patten, the very first fan club devoted to Japanese animation was the Cartoon/Fantasy Organization, which began in Los Angeles in 1977.
In the Philippines, GMA-7 began airing Voltes V in 1978.
In the anime Macross, first aired in 1982, the term was used by Lynn Minmay as an honorific term.
After its wild spread usage by other Japanese people, however, it became pejorative and increasingly offensive in the 90's, implying that a person is socially inept.
Liza Coppola, vice president of Viz Media, said that the widespread availability of cell phones and ability to view anime and manga on cell phones is likely the cause of decline in demand for anime and manga.
The fan community in the English-speaking world began in the 1970s and steadily grew.
It was the first exposure of Filipinos to Japanese animation.